Announcing the 2018 Ernst Haas Fellowship Recipients!

2018 Ernst Haas Fellowship Fund Recipients

Sidita Kushi

Saving our Western Neighbors: How Regional Institutions and Perceptions Drive Transatlantic Policies of Humanitarian Military Intervention

My dissertation analyzes the regional patterns of transatlantic humanitarian military interventions, using quantitative modeling, archival data, and fieldwork. I demonstrate that the “selectivity gap” of intervention is primarily due to variations in Western neighborhoods, regional institutions, and conflict perception. Such regional dimensions lead to more probable pathways of intervention within the West, driven by value-based alliances as seen within EU and NATO structures and economic resource-pooling. Using EU and NATO archival records and elite dialogues, I then process-trace how conflict perceptions across European and Western audiences altered security policy responses in Kosovo, Libya, and Darfur.

I am excited to use the Haas Fund Fellowship to hire an assistant to offset the costs of archival coding as well as travel to Brussels to explore additional EU and NATO archives for an expanded book manuscript. Lastly, I will attend international conferences to prepare my project for journal submissions.

Jenny Poon

Description of dissertation research project

 My research is relevant to EU studies because it examines EU asylum and refugee law by using United Kingdom and Germany as case studies. My research focuses on the principle of non-refoulement as it is interpreted and applied in international and European law. Non-refoulement is the prohibition against forced removal of asylum claimants or refugees to persecution, death or torture, or otherwise where their life or freedom may be threatened on account of their race, nationality, religion, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. The rights to seek asylum and to enjoy access to asylum procedures have little meaning without corresponding protection from refoulement. My thesis aims to enhance international protection for asylum claimants and refugees by clarifying the understanding of non-refoulement and the legal obligation of States in the European context through a comparative analysis of norm compliance by two significant refugee-receiving European countries: United Kingdom and Germany. My thesis is divided into three main parts: first, an examination of non-refoulement under international law; second, an examination of the status of non-refoulement under European law; and third, a comparative study of the domestic application of non-refoulement in the United Kingdom and Germany.

How the Haas Fund Fellowship will be used 

The Haas Fund Fellowship would enable me to gain feedback for my United Kingdom chapter by permitting me to travel to London to present and exchange ideas with other scholars in the field of refugee law at the annual Refugee Law Initiative conference. I have not yet undertaken research on Germany, and therefore Haas Fund Fellowship funding would enable me to conduct research into German legislation through a visiting fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. Once there, I would gain important feedback for my research by discussing non-refoulement with faculty members.